Vanadiini

Kemiallinen merkki: V
Järjestysluku: 23
Kategoria: siirtymämetallit
Ryhmä: 5
Jakso: 4
Lohko: d
Moolimassa: 50,9415 g/mol
Elektronia kuorilla: 2, 8, 11, 2
CAS-numero: 7440-62-2
Olomuoto: kiinteä
Tiheys: 6,0 kg/l (lähellä huoneenlämpöä)
Sulamispiste: 2183 K (1910 °C, 3470 °F)
Kiehumispiste: 3680 K (3407 °C, 6165 °F)
Kiderakenne: cubic body centered
Hapetusluvut: 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
Elektronegatiivisuus: 1,63 (Pauling-asteikko)
Nimen alkuperä: Vanadis
Nimen tarkoitus: a goddess in Scandinavian mythology, because the element has beautiful multicolored chemical compounds
Faktoja:
- naturally occurs in about 65 different minerals and is used mainly to produce certain alloys
- is one of the 26 elements found in most living organisms
- powdered metallic vanadium is a fire hazard, and unless known otherwise, all vanadium compounds should be considered highly toxic
- the exposure level of vanadium which is likely to cause permanent health damage or death is 35 mg/m3